Hematuria, or blood in the urine, is a symptom of a variety of underlying conditions and diseases. It can be caused by infection, trauma, kidney stones, tumors or malformations in the urinary tract, inflammation of the bladder or kidneys, cancer of the bladder or kidneys, certain medications and supplements (e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen), or conditions like high blood pressure.

Fortunately, there are a number of ways to treat hematuria. Depending on the underlying cause, treatments may include medications, lifestyle changes (e.g., quitting smoking or drinking), or surgery. The following five therapies have been successful in treating hematuria:

1. Antibiotics

Antibiotics can be used to treat a urinary tract infection, which is often the cause of hematuria. When an infection is present, antibiotics can help reduce the bacteria and accompanying inflammation in the urinary tract.

2. Fluid Therapy

Fluid therapy can help flush out any potential irritants or stones that could be causing hematuria. Drinking plenty of water helps to keep your kidneys flushed out and functioning properly. When the kidneys are clean, they can more effectively filter out bacteria and other irritants that cause hematuria.

3. Surgery

In some cases, surgery may be necessary in order to remove kidney stones or tumors. The type of surgery will depend on the specific condition or situation. When a tumor is present, a surgeon may need to perform a nephrectomy (removal of the kidney) or an excision of the mass.

4. Dialysis

If the kidneys become severely damaged due to hematuria, dialysis may be necessary. Dialysis is a process that filters the blood in order to eliminate toxins and waste products from the body. The benefits of dialysis can include improved kidney function and better overall health.

5. Medications

Medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may be prescribed to reduce inflammation or pain associated with hematuria. For the treatment of certain types of kidney cancer, targeted therapies such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors may be prescribed.

6. Diet Changes

Making dietary changes, such as reducing sodium intake or increasing the amount of fruits and vegetables you eat, may be beneficial for controlling hematuria. Eating a balanced diet is important for maintaining healthy kidneys and reducing the risk of developing kidney stones or other urinary tract problems.

If you are experiencing any signs or symptoms of hematuria, it is important to speak with your doctor so that an appropriate treatment plan can be developed. With the right treatment, hematuria can be managed and the underlying cause can be treated.